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UML基本架构建模--通用机制的术语和概念(一)

来源:程序员人生   发布时间:2015-04-02 08:29:32 阅读次数:2298次

 

Terms and Concepts

术语和概念

 

A note is a graphical symbol for rendering constraints or comments attached to an element or a collection of elements. Graphically, a note is rendered as a rectangle with a dog-eared corner, together with a textual or graphical comment.

备注是1个将束缚或说明附加到1个元件或1个元件集的图形符号.图形表现上,1个备注被表现为1个在右上角带有狗耳朵的矩形方框,连带有1段文字或是图形加以说明.

 

A stereotype is an extension of the vocabulary of the UML, allowing you to create new kinds of building blocks similar to existing ones but specific to your problem. Graphically, a stereotype is rendered as a name enclosed by guillemets ( French quotation marks of the form ?? ), placed above the name of another element.

模式化是UML辞汇表的扩大,允许你创建与已有的构建块相类似,但专门针对你个人问题的新类型的构建块.图形表现上,1个模式化被表现为在双引号以内的名称(法国的援用情势是《》),放置在另外一个元件的名称之上.

 

Optionally the stereotyped element may be rendered by using a new icon associated with that stereotype.

任意地模式化元件可以通过使用关联到那个模式化的新图标表现.

 

A tagged value is a property of a stereotype, allowing you to create new information in an element bearing that stereotype. Graphically, a tagged value is rendered as a string of the form name=value within a note attached to the object.

标签值是模式的1个属性,允许你在1个承当那个模式的元件上建立新信息.图形表现上,1个标签值被表现为形如名称=值的1串字符串,附加在对象的1个备注里.

 

A constraint is a textual specification of the semantics of a UML element, allowing you to add new rules or to modify existing ones. Graphically, a constraint is rendered as a string enclosed by brackets and placed near the associated element or connected to that element or elements by dependency relationships. As an alternative, you can render a constraint in a note.

束缚是1段文本,用以描写UML元件的语义,允许你加新的规则或是修改现有的元件.图形表现上,束缚被表现为用1对括弧括起的1串字符串,并被放置在关联元件的附近或是那个元件或元件组的依赖关系附近.作为替换方案,你可以在1个备注里表现1个束缚.

 

 

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